NCERT e-books | Standard Books

Prelims Syllabus

Current events of national and international importance.

History of India and Indian National Movement.

Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.

Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

Economic and Social Development - Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.

General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change

General Science

Booklist for static portion

Art and Culture of India

Indian Art and Culture - Nitin Sighania (Preview)

Ncert 11th : Fine Arts - Introduction to Indian Art (Download E-book)

History of Ancient India

Ancient India Old Ncert History Textbook 1999 By Ram Sharan Sharma (Preview)

Ncert 12th : Themes in Indian History (Part-1) (Download E-book)

Ncert 6th : Our Pasts (Download E-book)

History of Medieval India

A History of Medieval India - Satish Chandra (Preview)

Ncert 12th : Themes in Indian History (Part-2) (Download E-book)

Ncert 7th : Our Pasts (Download E-book)

History of Modern India

A Brief History of Modern India (2018-2019) Session by Spectrum Book (Preview)

Ncert 12th : Themes in Indian History (Part-3)(Download E-book)

Ncert 8th : Our Pasts - Part 1 (Download E-book)

Ncert 8th : Our Pasts - Part 2 (Download E-book)

Indian Polity

Indian Polity 5th Edition - Laxmikanth (Preview)

Indian Economy

Indian Economy - Ramesh Singh - 10th Edition (Preview)

Ncert 9th : Economics (Download E-book)

Ncert 10th : Understanding Economic Development (Download E-book)

Ncert 11th : Indian Economic Development (Download E-book)

Ncert 12th: MacroEconomics (Download E-book)


Fundamentals Of Physical Geography - Majid Hussain (Preview)

Ncert 11th : Fundamentals of Physical Geography (Download E-book)

Ncert 11th : India Physical Environment (Download E-book)

Ncert 12th : Fundamentals of Human Geography (Download E-book)

Ncert 12th : India People and Economy (Download E-book)

Environment and Ecology

Environment By Shankar IAS Academy (6th Edition) 2018-2019 (Preview)

Science and Technology

Ncert 6th : Science (Download E-book)

Ncert 7th : Science (Download E-book)

Ncert 8th : Science (Download E-book)

Ncert 12th : Biology (Download E-book)


The Orient BlackSwan Atlas for Competitive Exams (Preview)

Resources for Current Affairs

The Hindu Newspaper - Archives

Press Information Bureau (PIB) Articles

Down to Earth Articles

Economic Survey and Budget

Mains Syllabus

GS 1 - History, Society and Geography
Art and Culture

Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

(Can be covered from the resources suggested for Prelims Preparation.)

History of Modern India

Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

(Can be covered from the resources suggested for Prelims Preparation.)

History of the Modern World

History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

(Reference Suggested below)

Indian Society

Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

Effects of globalization on Indian society

Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

(Can be covered from the Internet or any notes available in the market.)


Salient features of world’s physical geography.

Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

(Can be covered from resources suggested for Prelims Preparation and any left-over topics can be covered from the internet or any notes available in the market.)

GS 1 - Indian Polity, Social Justice, Governance and International Relations
Indian Polity

Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

(Can be covered from resources suggested for Prelims Preparation.)

Social Justice

Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

(Can be covered from the internet and resources suggested for below under Current Affairs.)


Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

Role of civil services in a democracy.

(Can be covered from the Internet or any notes available in the market.)

International Relations

India and its neighborhood- relations.

Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

(Reference suggested below)

GS 3 - Economy, Environment and Disaster Management, Science and Technology, Security

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

Government Budgeting.

Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

Land reforms in India.

Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

Investment models.

(Can be covered from resources suggested for Prelims Preparation and from resources suggested below under Current Affairs.)

Environment and Disaster Management

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

Disaster and disaster management.

(Can be covered from the Internet or any notes available in the market.)

Science and Technology

Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

(Can be covered from the Internet or any notes available in the market.)


Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

Role of external state and nonstate actors in creating challenges to internal security.

Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

(Reference suggested below.)

GS 4 - Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude (Reference book suggested below).
Ethics and Human Interface

Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.


content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

Aptitude and Foundational Values for Civil Services

integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

Emotional Intelligence

concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and World.
Public/Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public administration

Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

Probity in Governance

Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

Case studies on above topics.


History of the Modern World (GS 1)

Mastering Modern World History - Norman Lowe (Preview)

International Relations (GS 2)

International Relations - Pavneet Singh (Preview)

Security (GS 3)

Internal Security for Civil Services Main (GS paper III) by Pearson - Karthikeyan (Preview)

Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude (GS 4)

Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude: For Civil Services Examination 2019 - Subbarao (Preview)

Resources for Current Affairs

The Hindu Newspaper - Archives (Editorials and Opinions)

Important Articles related to GS Mains syllabus from LiveMint

Press Information Bureau (PIB) Articles

Down to Earth Articles

Economic Survey and Budget

Bills and Act from PRSINDIA

Important Supreme Court or High Court Judgments - LiveLaw

Yojana Magazine